Verb Patterns: verb + to + infinitive

En nuestro post anterior aprendimos que hay algunos verbos que son utilizados con el sufijo -ing. Hoy aprenderemos que hay otros que normalmente son seguidos por el infinitivo con to. A pesar de que son muchos los verbos que siguen esta estructura, hoy sólo estudiaremos los principales, que hacen referencia con una necesidad, expectativa o esperanza, tal como lo estudiaremos a continuación:

Una decisión

Plan toWe plan to go on holidays next year
Decide toShe decided to quit her job 
Arrange toLena and her boss arranged to have the meeting next Monday morning
Manage toMark managed to invest on the highest technology devices even if they were expensive 

Una necesidad

Want toMy parents didn’t want me to go to the party last night
Need toI was sneezing so I needed to buy some tissues 

Una esperanza

Expect toLisa expected her boyfriend to propose to her.
Hope toI hope to find a new job soon

Aquí te dejamos algunos ejercicios para que practiques los patrones verbales tanto con gerundio como con infinitivo:

  1. Do you enjoy _____________ (shop)?
  2. What was the last thing you needed __________ (buy) for your home?
  3. What would you like___________ (get) for your home at the moment?
  4. Have you ever asked someone ____________ (buy) something expensive for you?
  5. Do you like ____________ (help) other people ____________ (choose) what to buy?
  6. Do you let other people __________ (buy) clothes for you?
  7. Did your parents use to make you __________ (wear) things you didn’t like?
  8. Do you prefer __________ (go) out to the shops, or would you rather _________ (do) your shopping on the Internet?
Answer Key:
  1. shopping
  2. to buy
  3. to get
  4. helping / to choose
  5. buy
  6. wear
  7. going / do

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